American Kestrel Publications


Love, O.P., D. M. Bird, and L. J. Shutt. Development of adrenocortical function in captive young American kestrels (Falco sparverius).  Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. (accepted Aug. 30, 2002) 

Bortolotti, G.R., J. E. Smits and D. M. Bird. Iris colour of American kestrels varies with age, sex and exposure to PCBs.   Physiol.  Biochem. Zool. (accepted Sept. 19, 2002) 

Love, O.P., L.J. Shutt, J. Silfies, G. Bortolotti, J.E. Smits, and D. M. Bird.  Effects of dietary PCB exposure on adrenocortical response in captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius) Ecotoxicol. (accepted July 4, 2002) 

Harnal, V.K., D.E. Wildt, D.M. Bird, S.L. Montfort, and J.D. Ballou.   2002. Computer simulations to determine the efficacy of different genome resource banking strategies for maintaining genetic diversity. Cryobiol. 44:122-31. 

Fernie K.J., G.R. Bortolotti, J.E. Smits, and D.M .Bird. 2001. Reproductive success of American kestrels exposed to dietary polychlorinated biphenyls.  Environ. Toxicol.  Chem. 20:776-781.

Fernie, K.J., J.E. Smits, G.R. Bortolotti, and D.M. Bird. 2001. In ovo exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls: reproductive effects on second-generation American kestrels.  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 40: 544-550.

Fisher, S.A., G.R. Bortolotti, K.J. Fernie, J.E. Smits, T.E. Marchant, K. Drouillard, and D.M. Bird. 2001.  Courtship behavior of captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius) exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls.  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 41: 215-220. 

Drouillard, K.G., K.J. Fernie, J.E. Smits, G.R. Bortolotti, D.M. Bird, and R.J. Norstrom.  2001.  Bioaccumulation and toxicokinetics of 42 PCB congeners in American kestrels (Falco sparverius).  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 20: 2514-2522.

Fernie K.J, Bortolotti, G.R., Smits, J.E., Willson, J., Drouillard, K.G. and  D.M. Bird. 2000. Changes in egg composition of American kestrels exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 60:101‑113.

Fernie K.J., D.M. Bird, R.D.Dawson, and P.C. Laguë.  2000. Effects of electromagnetic fields on reproductive success of American kestrels. Physiol. Biochem. Zool. 73: 60‑65.

Fernie K.J. and D.M. Bird. 2000. Growth of nestling American kestrels when exposed to electromagnetic fields. Condor 102:462‑466.

Fernie K.J., N.J. Leonard., and D.M. Bird.  2000. Behavior of free‑ranging and captive American kestrels under electromagnetic fields. J.  Toxicol. Environ. Health 59: 101‑107.

Smallwood, J.A. and D.M. Bird. 2000.  American kestrel (Falco sparverius).  In A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.   The Birds of North America, No. 602.  Academy of Natural Sciences, Washington, DC and The American Ornithologists’ Union, 32 pp.

Nicholls, M.K.,, O. Love and D.M. Bird.  2000. Methyl anthranilate, aminoacetophenone and unfamiliar coloration as feeding repellents to American kestrels (Falco sparverius).  J.  Raptor Res. 34: 311-318. 

Fernie, K.J. and D.M. Bird. 1999.  Effects of electromagnetic fields on body mass and food‑intake of American Kestrels. Condor 101:616‑621. 

Fernie K.J., D.M. Bird, and D. Petitclerc.  1999. Effects of electromagnetic fields on photophasic circulating melatonin levels of American kestrels.  Environ. Health Perspect. 107: 901‑904. 

Negro, J.J., G.R. Bortolotti, J.L. Tella, K.J. Fernie, and D.M. Bird. 1998. Regulation of integumentary colour and plasma carotenoids in American kestrels consistent with sexual selection.Functional Ecology 12:307-312.

Villarroel, M.R., D.M. Bird, and U. Kuhnlein.  1998. Copulatory behaviour and paternity in the American kestrel: the adaptive significance of frequent copulations. Animal Behaviour 56:289-299.

Anderson, D.J., J. Reeve, and D.M. Bird.  1997.  Sexually dimorphic eggs in American kestrels. Functional Ecology 11:331-334.

Duke, G.E., J. Reynhout, A.L. TerEick, A.E. Place, and D.M. Bird.  1997. Gastrointestinal morphology and motility in American kestrels (Falco sparverius) receiving high or low fat diets. Condor 99:123-131.

MacLellan, K.M., D.M. Bird, D.M. Fry, and L. Shutt. 1997.  Behavior of captive American kestrels hatched from O,P'-dicofol - exposed females. Archives of  Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 32: 411-415.

Agostini, N., D.M. Bird, and J.J. Negro.  1996. Social behavior of captive fledgling American kestrels (Falco sparverius).  Journal of Raptor Research 30:240-241.

Bortolotti, G.R., J.J. Negro, J.L. Tella, and D.M. Bird. 1996. Sexual dichromatism in birds independent ofdiet, parasites, and androgens. Proc. Biol. Sci. 263-1171-1176.

Bortolotti, G.R., J.J. Negro, J.L. Tella, and D.M. Bird. 1996. Sexual dichromatism in birds independent of diet, parasites, and androgens. Proceedings of The Royal Society of London 263:1171-1176.

Duke, G.E., A.L. Tereick, J.K. Reynhout, D.M. Bird, and A.E. Place. 1996. Variability among individual American kestrels (Falco sparverius) in parts of day-old chicks eaten, pellet size, and pellet egestion frequency. Journal of  Raptor Research 30: 213-218.

MacLellan, K.N.M., D.M. Bird, D.M. Fry, and J. Cowles. 1996. Reproductive and morphological effects of O,P-Dicofol on two generations of captive American kestrels. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 30:364-372.

Negro, J.J., J. Bustamante, J. Milward, and D.M. Bird. 1996.  Captive fledgling American kestrels (Falco sparverius) prefer to play with objects resembling natural prey. Animal Behaviour 52:707-714.

Henderson, D., D.M. Bird, M.E. Rau, and J.J. Negro. 1995.  Mate choice in captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius) parasitized by a nematode (Trichinella pseuodspiralis). Ethology 101:112- 120.

Lacombe, D., D.M. Bird, and K. Hibbard.  1995.  Influence of reduced food availability on growth of captive American kestrels.  Can. J. Zool. 72:2084-2089.

Lavigne, A., D.M. Bird, J.J. Negro, and D. Lacombe. 1994. Growth of hand-reared American kestrels I. The effect of two different diets and feeding frequency.  Growth, Development and Aging 58:191-201.

Lavigne, A., D.M. Bird, J.J. Negro, and D. Lacombe. 1994. Growth of hand-reared American kestrels. II. Body composition and wingloading in fledglings hand-fed two different diets.  Growth, Development and Aging 58:203-209.

Negro, J.J., K. Bildstein, and D.M. Bird.  1994. Effects of food deprivation and handling stress on fault-bar formation in nestling American kestrels (Falco sparverius). Ardea 82:263-267.

Negro, J.J., A. Chastin, and D.M. Bird.  1994.  Effects of short-term food deprivation on growth of hand-reared American kestrels.  Condor 96:749-760.

Schaadt, C.P. and D.M. Bird. 1993. Sex-specific growth in ospreys: the role of sexual size dimorphism.  Auk 110: 900-910.

Anderson, D.J., C. Budde, V. Apanius, J.E. Martinez Gomez, D.M. Bird and W.W. Weathers. 1993.  Prey size influences female competitive dominance in nestling American kestrels (Falco sparverius).  Ecology 74:367-376.

Anderson, D.J., J. Reeve, J.E. Martinez Gomez, W. Weathers, S. Hutson, H. Cunningham, and D.M. Bird.  1993.  Sexual size dimorphism and food requirements of nestling birds. Can. J. Zool. 71:2541- 2545.

Lacombe, D., D.M. Bird, C.G. Scanes, and K.H. Hibbard. 1993. The effect of restricted feeding on plasma growth hormone (GH) concentrations in growing American kestrels (Falco
sparverius).  Condor 95:559-567.

Gard, N.W. and D.M. Bird.  1992. Nestling growth and fledging success in manipulated American kestrel broods.  Can. J. Zool. 70:2421-2425.

Hunt, K.E., D.M. Bird, P. Mineau, and L. Shutt. 1992. Selective predation of fenthion-exposed prey by American kestrels.  Animal Behav. 43:971-976.

Andison, M.E., J.G. Sivak, and D.M. Bird. 1992.  The refractive development of the eye of the American kestrel (Falco sparverius): a new avian model. J. Comp. Physiol. 170:565-574.

Bird, D.M., D. Carriere and D. Lacombe.  1992.  The effect of dietary sodium fluoride on internal organs, breast muscle, and bones in captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius).  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 22:242-246.

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